Foods For Gastritis

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Gastritis—or inflammation of the stomach lining, is an acute or chronic event that can aggravate with eating the wrong foods. Anyone suffering from gastritis should follow strictly, a diet recommended by experts like an Internal Medicine Specialist in Lahore. Read on to know more about foods for gastritis:

Foods For Gastritis

What is gastritis?

Gastritis is a stomach disorder, with intense inflammation and pain. Acute gastritis comes on suddenly and aggravates on eating the wrong foods. Chronic gastritis, on the other hand, is a longer lasting inflammatory condition, which can even lead to stomach ulcers and other complications.

For most people, gastritis can be dealt with by food changes and lifestyle modification alone. Along with medicinal treatment, diet plays an important role in the management of gastritis. Following gastritis-safe foods that don’t aggravate inflammation and ulceration go a long way towards relieving the symptoms of gastritis and relieving both acute and chronic forms.

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

The characteristic features of gastritis include:

  • Discomfort and pain in the abdomen particularly with eating
  • Decreased appetite; most people eat very little as eating is associated with pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating and belching
  • Feeling of fullness on eating even little food
  • Vitamin b12 deficiency in chronic gastritis

What are the causes of gastritis?

The causes of gastritis, include:

  • H. pylori: the leading cause of gastritis in adults, worldwide, is infection with h. pylori, a bacterium that resides in the stomach. These bacteria are transmissible from person-to-person through contact with stool, vomit or saliva.
  • Lifestyle factors: factors such as smoking, drinking and eating too much spicy food induces gastritis.
  • Autoimmune disorders: if the immune system of the body attacks the healthy tissue, affecting the gastric lining, gastritis can occur. 
  • Pernicious anemia: in this type of anemia, body’s own cells attack acid producing parietal cells, which produce gastric acid and absorb vitamin B12. Consequently, there is pernicious anemia.  
  • Stress: major illness and traumatic injury can cause acute stress on the body and cause gastritis through increased stomach acid production.
  • Drugs: intake of too many NSAIDs- like aspirin, can damage the gastric lining of the stomach and cause gastritis.
  • Surgery: like trauma, surgery puts too much stress on the body with increased gastric acid production, which can contribute to gastritis.
  • Food allergies: a rare type of gastritis with gastrointestinal inflammation secondary to food allergies can occur due to infiltration of eosinophils.

What foods should be eaten?

For gastritis, anti-inflammatory foods help in the management of symptoms. Such foods include:

  • Green leafy vegetables like kale, spinach, arugula and cabbage
  • Fatty-fish such as salmon, sardines and mackerel
  • Foods rich in unsaturated fatty acids like olive oil.
  • Nuts like hazelnuts, almonds and walnuts
  • Other foods: ginger, turmeric and garlic
  • Probiotic foods that combat H. pylori like natural yogurt, kefir, tempeh, kimchi, sauerkraut.

What foods should be avoided in gastritis?

Foods that enhance inflammation can cause acute gastritis and worsen symptoms of chronic gastritis. The foods to avoid in such case, include:

  • Processed meats
  • Alcohol
  • Spicy foods
  • Acidic drinks like orange juice
  • Refined carbohydrates like pasta and white bread
  • Sugary foods
  • Sodas
  • Chocolate
  • Mustard grains
  • Spicy peppers
  • Caffeinated drinks

What to eat if there is gastritis with ulcer?

If left untreated, gastritis can lead to peptic and duodenal ulcers. In such cases, the following foods should be consumed:

  • Milk, cheeses, yogurt
  • Vegetable oils
  • Lentils, soybeans
  • Chickpeas
  • Lean meat

How can you treat gastritis?

Gastritis is treated depending on the causative factor. In case H. pylori is causing issues, the healthcare provider recommends triple-regimen for a particular period of time to completely eradicate the bacteria from the stomach. Triple regimen includes use of antibiotics, antimicrobial, and antacids.

Research shows use of probiotics greatly helps in the management of gastritis, along with smoking cessation, eating healthy and managing stress. For other lifestyle changes, more information is available on

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