More Information About What Arthroscopy Entails

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Arthroscopy is basically a surgical procedure used by orthopedic surgeons to visualize, diagnose as well as treat issues inside the joint.

The word arthroscopy is taken from the two Greek words: “arthro,” that means joint, and “skopein,” which means the look. The word means “to look inside the joint.” During an arthroscopic exam, the orthopedic surgeon makes a tiny incision in the patient’s skin, after which a pencil-sized instrument with a tiny lens and lighting system is inserted to illuminate and magnify the structures within the joint. Light is transferred through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope, which is inserted into a joint. By affixing the arthroscope to a mini television camera, the surgeon can see the inside of the joint through the small incision as opposed to making a large incision required for surgery. The television camera then displays an image of the joint on the television screen, permitting the surgeon to look, for instance, throughout the knee. This allows him to view the cartilage, ligaments as well as underneath the kneecap. The surgeon can then assess the amount or type of injury to correct or repair the issue, if necessary.

Why Is Arthroscopy Necessitous?

Diagnosing joint disease, an injury starts with a comprehensive medical history, physical examination, and generally X-Rays. Extra tests like MRIs or CT scans may also be required. Through an arthroscope, a final diagnosis can be made, that might be more accurate than X-ray studies or open wound surgery. Check out sports medicine NYC, for the numerous services they have on offer. Injuries and disease can damage cartilage, bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Some of the most standard conditions found during an arthroscopic examination are:

Inflammation

  • For instance, synovitis is inflammation of the lining in the knee, elbow, shoulder, ankle, or wrist.
  • Chronic or acute injury
  • Shoulder – impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tendon tears, and recurrent dislocations.
  • Knee – chondromalacia (injury or wearing of the cartilage cushion), meniscal (cartilage) tears, and anterior cruciate ligament tears accompanied by instability.
  • Wrist – Carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Loose bodies of cartilage and/or bone, for instance: knee, elbow, shoulder, wrist, or ankle.

Some issues linked to arthritis can also be treated. Numerous procedures may combine conventional surgery with arthroscopy.

  • Rotator cuff surgery
  • Resection or repair of torn cartilage of the shoulder or knee
  • Reconstructing of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee
  • Removal of inflamed synovium (lining) in the shoulder, elbow, knee, wrist, and ankle
  • Release of the carpal tunnel
  • Torn ligament repairs
  • Removing loose cartilage or bone in the shoulder, elbow, knee, wrist, and ankle

Even though this interior of nearly all joints can be seen with an arthroscope, there are six joints that are most commonly examined with this instrument. These include shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow, hip, and wrist.

What Are The Benefits?

Although arthroscopic surgery has been receiving a lot of public attention due to its use for treating well-known athletes, it is also an extremely valuable device for all orthopedic patients. It is usually easier for the patient as opposed to open wound surgery. Most patients receive arthroscopic surgery as an outpatient procedure and can go home several hours after the surgery was performed.

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